Coal Combustion Residuals Testing

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Coal Combustion Residuals Testing

Coal Combustion Residuals Testing

Coal combustion residuals (CCRs) are the solid byproducts of burning coal to generate electricity. They are a mixture of fly ash, bottom ash, and boiler slag.

Fly ash is a fine powder that is captured in air pollution control devices. Bottom ash is a heavier material that settles out of the bottom of the boiler. Boiler slag is a molten material that is produced when coal is burned at high temperatures.

Coal combustion residuals

CCRs are a major waste stream from the coal power industry. In the United States, about 130 million tons of CCRs are generated each year. CCRs are typically disposed of in landfills or surface impoundments. However, there is growing interest in using CCRs for beneficial reuse applications, such as in concrete, road construction, and mine reclamation.

The use of CCRs for beneficial reuse can help to reduce the environmental impacts of coal combustion. For example, using CCRs in concrete can reduce the need for natural resources, such as sand and gravel. Additionally, using CCRs in road construction can help to improve the durability of the roads.

However, there are some potential environmental concerns associated with the use of CCRs. For example, CCRs can leach metals into groundwater. Additionally, CCRs can release air pollutants, such as mercury, when they are disturbed.

Overall, CCRs are a complex waste stream with both potential benefits and risks. More research is needed to fully understand the environmental impacts of CCRs and to develop best practices for their management.

We provide an extended range of tests for coal combustion residuals.
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Specifications and test plans for coal combustion residuals:

  • ASTM C618 – coal fly ash and raw or calcined natural pozzolans for use in concrete: Specification / Test Plan

Test methods for coal combustion residuals:

Resources related to coal combustion residuals management: