ASTM E1402 – Standard Guide for Sampling Design
This guide defines terms and introduces basic methods for probability sampling of discrete populations, areas, and bulk materials. It provides an overview of common probability sampling methods employed by users of ASTM standards.
Sampling may be done for the purpose of estimation, of comparison between parts of a sampled population, or for acceptance of lots. Sampling is also used for the purpose of auditing information obtained from complete enumeration of the population.
area sample; bulk sample; cluster sample; finite population; probability proportional to size; quota sample; sample size; sampling frame; sampling without replacement; simple random sample; stratified sample